What Is Enteroscopy?
An enteroscopy is a diagnostic procedure used to examine the small intestine. A thin, flexible tube (enteroscope) is inserted through the mouth and stomach into the small intestine. The enteroscope has a light and video camera at its tip. This allows the doctor to see the inside of the small intestine and take biopsies (tissue samples) if needed. The enteroscope is passed through the stomach and into the small intestine. The doctor will then be able to look at the inside of the small intestine and take any biopsies that may be needed. This procedure is generally well tolerated by patients and is a very effective way to examine the small intestine.
Why Is An Enteroscopy Performed?
There are a few reasons why your doctor might recommend an enteroscopy. One reason is to find the source of bleeding in the small intestine. Gastrointestinal bleeding can be a symptom of a number of disorders, including ulcers, tumors, and inflammatory bowel disease. An enteroscopy can also be used to take a biopsy of the small intestine. This can be helpful in diagnosing celiac disease, Crohn‘s disease, and other conditions. The procedure can also be used to treat certain disorders, such as removing a blockage in the intestine or taking a tissue sample for genetic testing. Another reason your doctor might recommend an enteroscopy is if you have persistent abdominal pain, nausea, or vomiting. These symptoms can be caused by a number of different conditions and an enteroscopy can help your doctor identify the cause.
How Do I prepare For An Enteroscopy?
Before you have an enteroscopy, you will need to fast for several hours. You will also be asked to take a laxative to empty your bowels. This is important because it allows the doctor to get a clear view of the intestine. You will be given instructions on how to take the laxative and when to take it. It is important to follow these instructions carefully. You will also be asked to refrain from eating or drinking anything for several hours before the procedure. This is to ensure that your stomach is empty during the procedure. You will be asked to remove all jewelry and clothing before the procedure. A gown will be provided for you to wear during the procedure. You should also avoid drinking alcohol for 24 hours before the procedure.
How Do You Perform An Enteroscopy?
The procedure is typically performed under general anesthesia. During the procedure, the doctor will insert the enteroscope through the mouth or rectum and into the small intestine. The enteroscope will then be used to examine the small intestine and take biopsies if needed. After the procedure, the patient will be monitored for any complications. Complications from an enteroscopy are rare but can include bleeding, perforation of the intestine, and infection. The patient will be discharged the same day and will be able to eat and drink as normal. Most people recover from an enteroscopy without any problems. In rare cases, the person may experience abdominal pain, bloating, or diarrhea. If the person has a history of gastrointestinal issues, the doctor may order a stool test to check for infection. The person may also be given a course of antibiotics to prevent infection. The person may be asked to follow up with the doctor in a week or so to discuss the results of the enteroscopy.
An upper enteroscopy is a medical procedure used to examine the upper part of the small intestine. It can also be used to treat certain medical conditions. The upper enteroscopy procedure is performed by inserting a flexible, lighted tube (enteroscope) through the mouth and into the small intestine. The enteroscope is then used to view the inside of the small intestine and to treat conditions such as bleeding or blockages. The procedure usually takes 30 to 60 minutes. Sedation is often used during the procedure to help the patient relax. After the procedure, the patient may experience some bloating and gas. The symptoms will typically go away within a day or two.
A lower enteroscopy is a medical procedure used to visualize the small intestine. It is similar to an upper endoscopy, but instead of going through the mouth and esophagus, the scope is inserted through the rectum. Lower enteroscopy can be used to diagnose and treat a variety of gastrointestinal disorders, such as Crohn‘s disease, ulcerative colitis, celiac disease, and small bowel tumors. It can also be used to relieve gastrointestinal bleeding or blockages. The procedure is generally safe and well tolerated. Complications are rare, but can include perforation of the intestine, bleeding, and infection. Patients may experience some bloating and flatulence after the procedure due to the air that is used to inflate the intestine. This usually resolves within a few hours. Patients are usually able to go home the same day as the procedure. Lower enteroscopy is a minimally invasive procedure with a low risk of complications.
What Are Risks Related To Getting An Enteroscopy?
There are several risks associated with getting an enteroscopy. These include:
- Perforation: A small hole can develop in the intestines during the procedure, which can lead to infection or other complications.
- Bleeding: Although rare, bleeding can occur during or after the procedure. – Infection: There is a small risk of infection associated with any kind of surgery.
- Allergic reaction: Some people may have an allergic reaction to the sedatives or other medications used during the procedure.
- Rare complications: There are a few rare complications that have been associated with enteroscopy, such as pancreatitis, which can be serious.
Overall, the risks of getting an enteroscopy are relatively low. However, as with any medical procedure, there are some risks that should be considered before undergoing the procedure.
What Would Abnormal Enteroscopy Results Mean?
If a person has abnormal enteroscopy results, it could mean that there is something wrong with their small intestine. Some possible causes could include: Crohn‘s disease, Celiac disease, tumors, or blockages. If a person has any of these conditions, they may experience symptoms such as: abdominal pain, bloating, diarrhea, or weight loss. If a person suspects that they have any of these conditions, they should see a doctor for a diagnosis. A doctor may recommend a course of treatment depending on the condition. Treatment options could include: medication, surgery, or lifestyle changes. If a person has a serious condition, they may need to be hospitalized. Enteroscopy can help diagnose conditions of the small intestine and help plan treatment. Abnormal enteroscopy results could also be caused by infection, inflammatory bowel disease, or food allergies. If not treated, these conditions can cause severe health problems. That is why it is important to see a doctor if you suspect you may have one of these conditions.
Most of the information on this page can be found at: https://www.healthline.com/health/enteroscopy